Most marketers are starting to integrate their marketing channels. Better late than never. However, simple integration will not be enough. While in multi-channel marketing the focus is still often on the channels, touchpoint marketing provides alternatives that revolve around individual customer and prospect touchpoints.
A nice depiction of the typical multi-channel marketing is this graphic by Twiss that takes into account buyer life cycle, strategy, tactics, marketing goals and more without emphasizing the channels too much. Thanks to Dave Chaffey for sharing and commenting on it.
When it boils down to touchpoint marketing, we see three kinds of models, depending on the approach. Touchpoint marketing looks at different touchpoints, visible and invisible, between a brand and a customer in different phases and maps media, needs, etc. as mentioned above.
Approach 1: the buying stage
One way to look at touchpoint marketing is based upon the typical three stages as they are most used in touchpoint marketing from the CRM perspective: pre-purchase, purchase and post-purchase. Newer models such as the one below add stages such as relationship building. Read the post on iMedia Connection by Kimberly Struyk explaining it.
Approach 2: buying funnel models
A second and similar way to look at touchpoints is according to the buying funnel with the classic cycles of awareness, consideration, purchase, service and loyalty. I can’t say who originally made it but you can find it here and I saw it in various presentations and blog posts lately. If you know who made it, please tell me so I can add a link.
Approach 3: cross-touchpoint experience models
Another way, finally, to look at touchpoint marketing processes, as defined in this Forrester Research graphic, is the customer experience. It maps different touchpoints based on the customer experiences and actions, with corresponding cycles that are more related to the marketing goals,specifically from a social and relational viewpoint. Read more about it here.
Why does all this matter? Because touchpoints and customer experiences are all that matter and every marketer will soon have to learn how to map content, KPIs, channels and much more with touchpoint scenarios whereby touchpoints are not channels but real contact moments and whereby values will be attributed to all sorts of touchpoints to make customer-centric and performance-driven decisions.
What models do you use in practice and how do you map your touchpoints? I’m test-driving a new tool and will soon share my findings.